M. Darwish (1st son)

M. Darwish (1st son)



Director, Community of Research (CoRe), Management Science (MS), Office of Community of Research (CoRe), Bangunan Wawasan, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, MALAYSIA
E-mail: zaidiuitm2000@yahoo.com
H/P: 6012-686 0035



Associate Professor Dr Norzaidi bin Haji Mohd Daud, PhD

H/P: 6 012-6860035 EMAIL: zaidiuitm2000@yahoo.com


Director, Community of Research (CoRe), Management Science (MS), UiTM

Chair, Publication, Arshad Ayub Graduate Business School (AAGBS), UiTM

Chair, Top Business School, Arshad Ayub Graduate Business School (AAGBS), UiTM


Visiting Professor at King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Head, IT Support, Research Management Institute (RMI), UiTM

Head, Publication and Corporate Communication, Malaysia Institute of Transport (MiTRANS)-HiCoE

Head of Integrated Information and Publication Centre, Institute of Business Excellence (IBE)


Recently, he has published 7 books and over 100 articles in ISI WOS/WOK, SCOPUS, ERA journal outlets as well as conference proceedings.


2 International Best Paper Awards (Germany and Czech Republic),

More than 70 innovation awards (Geneve, Brussels, Pittsburg, Seoul, ITEX, MTE, IPTA Expo, PECIPTA, i-INVEX, IID, BIID etc.)

UiTM Best Speaker Award 2013

UiTM Leading Researcher by Example Award 2007

Potential to Commercialise Award 2005

UiTM Outstanding Club & Society Advisor Award 2002

Listed in Malaysia Who's Who 2013/2014

Listed in AcademicKeys Who's Who 2013


Chief Jury-Konvensyen Inovasi dan Kreativiti (KIK), Prime Minister Department/Jabatan Perdana Menteri (JPM)

Chief Jury, Innovation Award (AIJPM), Prime Minister Department/Jabatan Perdana Menteri (JPM)

Chief Jury-Ministry of Home Affairs/Kementerian Dalam Negeri (KDN)

Chief Jury, International Syariah Compliance Idea, Invention, Innovation and Design Expo 2014

Chief Jury, Business, Invention, Innovation and Design (IID)

Chief Jury, National MyccSkills, College Community, Kementerian Pendidikan Tinggi, 2016

Jury, Inclusive Invention and Innovation Challenge 2015, Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI)

Jury, KIK, Felda 2015

Jury, Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA), Invention and Innovation Challenge 2015

Expert Jury, MARA TEx-Yayaysan Inovasi Malaysia 2016

Expert Jury, Cabaran Inovasi Johor, 2016

Innovation Honorary Speaker, Ministry of Human Resource/Kementerian Sumber Manusia.


Founder and Editor in Chief, International Journal of Applied Business Research (IJABR)

Founder and Editor in Chief of the Business and Management Quarterly Review (BMQR)

Founder and Editor in Chief, International Journal of Undergraduates Studies (IJUS)

Founder and former Editor in Chief, Journal of Transport and Logistics

Former Executive Editor, Journal of Business and Financial Affairs

Advisory Board, E-Malaysia Nuclear Agency Journal

Editorial board/review board (1) World Applied Sciences Journal (2) African Journal of Business Management (3) ASLIB Proceedings: New Information Perspective (4) Learning and Individual Differences (5) Journal of Sustainability Science and Management (6) World Review of Inter-modal Transportation Research (7) International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management (8) Journal of Computer Information Systems (9) International Journal of Distance Education Technologies (10) Journal of Managerial Issues (11) Jurnal Teknologi (12) Information Technology Journal (13) TEM Journal (14) International Journal of Public Administration (15) Journal of International Business and Entrepreneurship (16) Journal of Quality Measurement and Analysis (17) Jurnal Academia (18) International Journal of Library and Information Science (19) Journal of Media and Communication Studies (20) International Journal of Modelling Operations Management (21) International Journal of Psychology and Counselling (22) Journal of Economics and International Finance (23) International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education (24) International Research of Management and Business Studies (25) International Research Journal (26) Journal of Finance, Accounting and Management (27) International Journal of Business Systems Research (28) Asian Academy of Management Journal (29) International Academy of Business and Economics (30) Scientific Journals International (31) Journal of Software (32) Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge and Management (33) International Journal of Doctorial Studies (34) Journal of Information, Information Technology and Organizations (35) International Journal of Scientific Research in Education (36) International Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society (37) COMPASS (39) Jurnal Gading (40) Journal of Administrative Science (41) Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal (42) Journal of Global Business Administration (43) Industrial Management and Data Systems (44) Information Technology and People (45) KII Transaction on Internet and Information Systems.


His books and articles are subscribed by Harvard University, University of Cambridge, Yale University, USA; Cornell University, USA, University of California, Berkeley, USA; University of Massachusetts, , USA, Vanderbilt University, USA, McGill University, Canada, National University of Singapore, Ministry of Education Malaysia Library, National Library Board of Singapore, Library and Archives Canada, National Library of Malaysia, National Library of Australia, Ohio University, USA, International Islamic University, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Universiti Malaya, Universiti Darul Iman, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Monash University Malaysia, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Universiti Sains Malaysia and Selangor International Islamic University College.


Harvard University, MA, (2010 and 2013), USA as well as Cambridge Conference on Business & Economics (2012) at Cambridge University, UK and 50 others conferences


Primary Interests: Management and Business, Strategic Management, Halal Studies, Information Technology, Banking Operations, Research Methodology and Transportation (Maritime)


Structural equation modelling (SEM) using AMOS, publishing article in ISI/SCOPUS listed journals, SPSS and research methodology (postgraduate level), and innovation


Queensland University of Technology (QUT) (Australia), (Doctor in Information Technology)

Annamalai University (India), (PhD Management)

Universiti Malaya (UM), (PhD Management)

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), (PhD Mathematics)

Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM), (PhD Accountancy; Doctor of Business Administration)

Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), (PhD Management and Entrepreneurship)

Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), (Phd Management)


Prime Minister Department/Jabatan Perdana Menteri

Ministry of Human Resource/Kementerian Sumber Manusia

Ministry of Education/Kementerian Pelajaran

Malaysia Nuclear Agency/Agensi Nuklear Malaysia

King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)

Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM)

Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTEM)

Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR)

Universiti Selangor (UNISEL)

Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)

Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI)

Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP)

Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA)

International Shariah Research Academy for Islamic Finance (ISRA)

Kolej Poly-Tech MARA

Institut Pendidikan Guru Kampus Darulaman, Kedah

Institut Pendidikan Guru Kampus Perempuan Melayu, Melaka

Department of Safety and Health (DOSH)

Nilai University

National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

Community College, Bandar Penawar

Publication by Category


+The impact of religious sensitivity on brand trust, equity and values fast food industry in Malaysia, Business Strategy Series
+Identifying the determinant attributes of Halal cosmetics product that influence its positioning strategy in Malaysian market, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+Examining critical success factors of consumers' attitude towards nutritional labelling of SMEs products in Malaysia, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+The influence of market orientation on the commitment-trust model and relational norms: empirical evidence at higher institution in Malaysia, African Journal of Business Management
+Application of important-performance analysis (IPA) to formulate customer satisfaction strategies in the direct sales industry in Malaysia, Business Strategy Series
+Examining market accessibility of Malaysian's harumanis mango in Japan: Challenges and potentials, Business Strategy Series


+Determining critical success factors of oral cancer susceptibility prediction using fuzzy models in Malaysia's health sector, Sains Malaysiana
+Effectiveness of the extended mean-variance model using fuzzy approach for portfolio selection in Malaysian stock market, Business & Management Quarterly Review
+The use of artificial intelligence to identify people at risk of oral cancer, International Journal of Scientific Research in Education
+Portfolio diversification: the role of information technologies in future investment decision making, International Journal of Electronic Finance
+The effect of addition and deletion of shariah-compliant securities in Bursa Malaysia, Advances in Business and Management

Management information systems/transportation studies

+Determining critical success factors of mobile commerce usage in higher learning institution in Malaysia, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+Revisiting information system models in the context of technology usage and technology resistance, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+Customer's perception towards information security in internet banking system in Malaysia, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+Determining critical success factors of mobile banking adoption in Malaysia, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+Evaluating the post-intranet usage: empirical study in Malaysian port industry, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+The indirect effects of intranet functionalities on middle manager's performance, Kybernetes
+Investigating the relationships of users' behavior and internal security threat towards the implementation of total health system (THIS) in Malaysian medical institutions, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+Examining the impact of intranet usage on managerial performance at Malaysia port industry, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science
+Evaluating the intranet acceptance with the extended task-technology fit model: empircal evidence in Malaysian maritime industry, International Journal of Arts and Sciences
+The impact of intranet on managers and their work: an empirical study in the Malaysian port industry, Journal of International Business and Entrepreneurship
+Towards a holistic model in investigating the effects of intranet usage on managerial performance: a study on Malaysian port industry, Maritime Policy and Management
+Evaluating technology resistance and technology satisfaction on students' performance, Campus-Wide Information Systems
+ Factor determining organizational commitment on security controls in accounting-based information systems, International Journal of Services and Standards
+Intranet usage, user satisfaction and managerial performance: a cause and effect investigation, International Journal of Business and Systems Research
+E-commerce usage and business performance in the Malaysian tourism sector, Information Management and Computer Security
+A study of intranet usage and resistance in Malaysia's port industry, Journal of Computer Information Systems
+Perceived resistance, user resistance and manager's performance, Aslib Proc.
+ Intranet usage and managers' performance in the port industry, Industrial Management & Data Systems


+The relationship between student's absorptive capacity and motivation on knowledge transfer in Malaysian Community Colleges, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+Modelling education tourism using gravity model in Malaysian public higher education institutions, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+Determining mediating effect of information satisfaction on international student's college choice: empirical evidence in Malaysia's university, International Journal of Scientific Research in Education
+Stress and academic performance: empirical evidence from university students, Academy of Educational Leadership Journal
+Determining world class university from the evaluation of service quality and students satisfaction level: an empirical study in Malaysia, International Journal of Scientific Research in Education
+The impact of perceived stress and stress factors on academic performance of pre-science students: empirical evidence from the Malaysian university, International Journal of Scientific Research in Education
+Strategic alignment of strategies information system planning (SISP) success: an exploratory study in public universities in Malaysia, International Journal of Scientific Research in Education
+Pengurusan harta wakaf dan potensinya ke arah kemajuan pendidikan Islam di Malaysia, Jurnal Pengurusan Jawhar
+ The effect of student's background and attitudes on computer skills in Malaysia, International Journal of Management in Education
+Perception of distance learning (EPJJ) students toward the service quality offered by the continuing education programme: a case study at higher education institution in Malaysia, Distance Education


+Investigating the behavior of the mark-up of price over marginal cost under different business cycle situation: empirical study in Malaysia manufacturing industry, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+Total Factor productivity growth in the small size Malaysian manufacturing industry: prinal and dual approaches, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+The impact of international trade on price mark-up in Malaysian manufacturing industries, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences


+Realism with the triangulation techniques: the effective methods for social science research, International Journal of Scientific Research in Education

Human Resource Management/Management/Insurance/Business

+The relationship between human resource management and knowledge-based economy in Malaysian multimedia super corridor (MSC) status companies, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+The moderating effect of neuroticism on the relationship between emotional intelligence and job performance, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
+Adverse selection and its consequences on medical and health insurance and takaful in Malaysia, Humanomics
+The globalization of film business and its effect on the Malaysian film industry, Business Strategy Series
+Expectations and perceptions of tourists on the service quality in Malaysian tourism industry, Global Business and Management Research
+The effect of human resource practices in building learning organizations: evidence from Malaysian manufacturing firms, International Journal of Innovation and Learning
+The evaluation of customer satisfaction on delivery by post offices in Malaysia: a service quality and service features perspective, Advances in Business and Management
+Service quality in two and three star hotels: empirical evidence in the Malaysian hotel industry, Advances in Business and Management
+Determining critical success factors of job satisfaction among government servants: empirical evidence in Malaysia, Advances in Business and Management

Thursday, May 22, 2008

PhD Processes

Terdapat beberapa proses untuk mendapatkan PhD. Kita tidak boleh lari dari proses ini. Jika kita tidak melaluinya maka, kita akan balik (belajar) dengan tangan kosong. Prosesnya adalah seperti berikut;
1. Menyediakan proposal
Penyediaan proposal merupakan faktor kejayaan samada kita akan menerima biasiswa PhD, diterima masuk untuk ke universiti, dan diterima sebagai pelajar (bagi supervisor, tidak semua supervisor akan menerima calon kerana mereka juga kriteria tertentu seperti bidang yang sesuai dengan area of interest mereka). Jika kita tidak menyediakan proposal seperti mana yang disyaratkan maka ke semua perkara yang disebutkan di atas tidak akan berjaya. Proposal yang baik perlu mengandungi research problem/problem statement, gaps of knowledge, objectives of study, significant contribution to new knowledge dan theoretical model.
2. Kelayakan untuk memasukki universiti
Untuk universiti tempatan/luar negara syaratnya bergantung kepada kelayakan akademik diperingkat master. Ada juga yang mensyaratkan untuk mengambil ujian bahasa inggeris(TOEFL etc). Kebanyakkan universiti luar mensyaratkan kita mengambil ujian ini. Kelulusan bergantung kepada universiti, kebiasaannya 6.5 band. Jika kita tidak mempunyai kelayakan bahasa, maka kita dikehendakki menduduki kelas ini mengikut tahap kemahiran bahasa.
3. Penerimaan biasiswa
Biasiswa akan diberikan bila kita mempunyai proposal PhD yang baik. Sememang tajuk proposal akan berubah, tetapi sekurang-kurangnya pihak universiti mengetahui samada kita mampu menamatkan pengajian disamping memenuhi keperluan universiti dalam bidang yang kritikal. Ada juga yang mengambil ujian bahasa setelah menerima biasiswa. Tidak ada masalah jika kita mengambil ujian ini pada masa menerima atau sebelum kerana keputusan ini valid selama 2 tahun.
4. Mencari Penyelia
Setelah berjaya masuk ke universiti, pelajar akan dicadangkan beberapa nama untuk menyelia PhD. Untuk mencari penyelia terdapat beberapa tips yang boleh membantu. Kalau boleh cari penyelia yang memang aktif dalam penyelidikan, banyak menghasilkan penerbitan ILMIAH dalam jurnal berimpak tinggi, penerbitan buku, kerap menjadi key-note speaker, reviewer, dan chief-in-editor jurnal berimpak tinggi. Kalau anda mempunyai penyelia begini, anda akan bernasib baik kerana beliau mempunyai profil yang tinggi. Kalau boleh cuba elakkan penyelia yang terlalu sibuk dengan kerja beliau kerana ini akan menganggu perancangan PhD kita. Jika sudah memilih, jangan sekali-kali kita 'buat perangai' dengan penyelia sebab, kerana penyelia yang akan recommend kita dapat PhD. So, jangan terlalu 'bertekak dengan penyelia", kadang-kadang, bertukar pendapat tidak apa. Perlu ke ada co-supervisor? Bergantung kepada keperluan PhD anda. Jika penyelia utama terdapat kekurangan, maka co-supervisor diharapkan dapat membantu. Jika ingin memilih co-supervisor perlu bertanya dahulu dengan main supervisor sebab takut depa tak berlaga angin (harap faham ye).
5. Penyediaan Proposal
Proposal asal kebiasaannya akan berubah setelah kita dapat supervisor. Tajuk kadang-kadang totally berubah. So, kena prepare proposal baru. Proposal yang sudah lengkap akan dibentangkan untuk defend. Jangkamasa untuk defend proposal dalam 6-9 bulan masa pengajian tahun pertama. Defend proposal kena buat betul-betul sebab panel ingin melihat benda-benda penting seperti gaps of knowledge dan contribution to new knowledge, termasuk rancangan penyelidikan.
6. Progress Report
Kerja kita akan disemak dalam progress report seminar di mana beberapa orang panel akan hadir untuk memberi pandangan kelancaran PhD kita. Seminar ini memberi peluang kepada pelajar untuk bertukar-pendapat dengan panel dan pelajar PhD lain.
7. Internal Checking
Jika penulisan PhD kita sudah selesai, maka penyelia kita akan memeriksa sama ada thesis kita sudah layak untuk submission. Masa yang diambil dalam 1-2 bulan. Bergantung kepada penyelia. Kadang-kadang penyelia membenarkan rakan-rakan dari fakulti untuk memeriksa.
8. Mock Viva
Penyediaan untuk viva-voce amat perlu bagi mengetahui pelajar bersedia untuk viva-voce yang sebenar. Di sini pelajar akan diajar teknik membentang dan menjawab soalan. Panel terdiri dari penyelia dan beberapa orang yang dilantik oleh fakulti. Terdapat soal-jawab dalam mock-viva.
9. Submission
Anda sudah mencapai tahap yang baik jika berjaya submit thesis. Submission bererti anda sudah sebelah kaki untuk mendapatkan title Dr. Proses untuk dipanggil viva-voce dalam 3 bulan-1 tahun dan bergantung pada external examiners, cepat atau lambat kira nasib.
10. Viva-voce
Ini merupakan hari paling bersejarah, kerana anda dikehendakki menceritakan kembali pengalaman penyelidikan PhD kepada beberapa orang panel. Panel tetap merupakan external examiners, internal examiner, director of postgraduate division dan beberapa orang professors. Masa viva-voce bergantung kepada keadaan, ada yang hanya 30 minit dan ada pagi sampai petang. So, masa ni, baik buat sembahyang hajat semoga keadaan 'terkawal'. Masa viva-voce, sila bawa sekali hasil penerbitan buku, jurnal, prosiding, dan pingat bagi 'membantu' dikala 'susah'. Ada juga universiti yang tidak ada viva-voce, dan hanya bergantung kepada progress report.
11. Keputusan viva-voce
Keputusan rasmi akan diumumkan dalam masa seminggu. Ada juga yang mendapat keputusan selepas viva-voce. Dalam surat ini akan dinyatakan tempoh pembetulan, jika 1-3 bulan dianggap minor correction, 6 bulan major correction dan gagal....(kena buat balik-tapi mustahil sedikit sebab kita dah lalui internal checking).
12. Amendment proses
Proses pembetulan thesis memerlukan tandatangan dari supervisor atau panel yang dilantik. Setelah itu anda dikehendakki buat hardcover PhD thesis anda.
13. Senate Approval
Semuanya sudah selesai, dan anda akan dipanggil Dr. setelah mendapat tandatangan pengerusi senat universiti. Tahniah....Dah kena tempah baju konvo...
14. Convocation
Masa ini dah boleh naik stage dengan topi burger...Tahniah Dr....
Begitulah serba sedikit proses untuk mendapatkan PhD, mungkin setiap universiti ada cara masing-masing. So, sedikit sebanyak, kita akan dapat tahu di mana kedudukan kita dalam proses mencari PhD ini...


Anonymous said...

Terima kasih. Saya suka baca setiap entry anda. Betul2 memberi semangat.

Norzaidi Mohd Daud said...

AlhamduLillah, terima kasih. InsyaAllah kalau ada apa-apa suggestion, boleh saya muatkan dalam entry yang akan datang

farhah said...

Salam Dr. Norzaidi,

Semoga dipermudahkan segaal urusan, dengan izin Allah.

Saya bersemangat selepas membaca tips untuk bakal phd candidiates.
Al-hamdulilALlah, u are also my content editor for my first book entitled Product Software Liability : Strict liability v. Negligence? in which it was one of my two (2) papers l have presented from 22-25/5 at 8th Annual International Conference on Business , Waikiki Honolulu, USA.

Saya sudah berada di KL sejak 6.35 ptg, 28/5 dan akan berangkat balik ke Dungun, tengah hari ini.

Will edit my manuscript as requested. Thank you for your kind support.

Really appreciate it.

Really miss my two kids at home!


Norzaidi Mohd Daud said...

Mrs. Farhah, welcome home. InsyaAllah saya dan isteri akan ke UiTMT, bagi seminar berimpak tinggi, 29-30 Jun 2008. Jumpa di sana!